Knowing the syllabus for IIT JEE Physics is the first step in the study plan. The Joint Entrance Exam(JEE) is a reputed exam for getting into prestigious IITs. The clue to succeed in JEE Mains is to practice hard as well as have deep knowledge of the syllabus for IIT JEE. The IIT JEE syllabus is like a roadmap that gives you directions for efficient IIT JEE preparation. Additionally, the syllabus provides the vision to the aspirants to know what to expect, they can plan their preparation accordingly in advance.
Physics, technology and society, SI units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments. Errors in measurement. Dimensions of Physical quantities. Dimensional analysis as well as its applications.
Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion. Average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, and relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane. Projectile Motion, and also Uniform Circular Motion.
Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion. Momentum. Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum as well as its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force as well as its applications.
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power. The potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative as well as non-conservative forces; Elastic and also inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; the moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum as well as its applications; a moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.
The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite and also Geo-stationary satellites.
Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law as well as its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle as well as its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and also capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, and also latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection as well as radiation, and also Newton’s law of cooling.
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, and also the concept of temperature. Heat, work and also internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and also irreversible processes. Carnot engine as well as its efficiency.
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, and also Avogadro’s number.
Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, a reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and also harmonics, Beats, as well as Doppler effect in sound.
Electric Charge, Electric Charge, Electric Charge and the Structure of Matter, Electric Charge, Charged Body, Amount of Charge, Units of charge, Conversion, Ways to Charging a body, Properties of Charges, Induced Charges, Coulomb’s Law, Superposition of Forces. Electric Field and Electric Forces, Electric Field Lines, Electric Field, Electric field intensity, Electric Lines of Force, Concepts of Electric Lines of force, also Some Basic Terms. Gauss’s Law, Introduction, Charge and Electric Flux, Calculating Electric Flux, Gauss’s Law, Charge on Conductors, Field at the surface of a conductor, Gauss’s Law, Electric Flux, Application of Gauss’s Law, Electric Potential Energy of More Than Two Charges, Electric Potential, Potential of a Charged Conducting Sphere, An infinite line charge or charged conducting cylinder, Potential Gradient, Motion of a Charged Particle in an Electric Field. Electric Dipoles, Force and Torque on an Electric Dipole, Electric Dipole.
Dipole Moment, Direction, Maximum Torque, and also Minimum Torque. In the non-uniform electric field. Also, the Potential Energy of a Dipole. Particular Cases, Electric Field Due to a Dipole, Electric Potential Energy, Electric Potential Energy in a Uniform Field, Electric Potential Energy of Two Point Charges. Also, Electric Potential Energy.
Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer ), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.
Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular motion; Relative velocity. Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial as well as uniformly accelerated frames of reference. Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic energy as well as potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and also mechanical energy. Systems of particles. Centre of mass as well as its motion. Impulse; Elastic and also inelastic collisions. Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and also its field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity.
Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel as well as perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes, Angular momentum. Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies and also with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres and also Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies Linear as well as angular simple harmonic motions. Hooke’s law, and also Young’s modulus.
Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem as well as its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and also transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; also Doppler effect (in sound).
Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and also gases. Calorimetry, latent heat, as well as Heat conduction in one dimension. Elementary concepts of convection and radiation. Newton’s law of cooling, Ideal gas laws, Specific heats ( C v and C p for monoatomic as well as diatomic gases); Isothermal and also adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics as well as its applications (only for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation: absorptive and also emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, as well as Stefan’s law.
Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s laws as well as simple applications. Also, the Heating effect of current.
Bio Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and also on a current carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions. loop; Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR as well as LC circuits. Also with D.C and A.C sources.
Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification. Wave nature of light: Huygens’ principle, interference limited to Young’s double slit experiment.
Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half Life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen X– like atoms; Characteristic and continuous rays, Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Is NTA changing the syllabus for IIT JEE Mains 2022?
Ans. No, the syllabus for JEE Main 2022 is the same as it was last year. However, in light of the decisions made by various Boards throughout India, NTA has determined that there would be a total of 90 questions on the Question Paper, with candidates needing to try just 75 of them. For the 15 optional questions, there will be no negative grading.
Q. How knowing about the syllabus for IIT JEE Physics can help me?
Ans. Every aspirant should go through or read the syllabus for IIT JEE. Additionally, going through the syllabus will help them gain insight, important chapters, and topics, exam patterns, weightage of marks. It will also help candidates to develop a strong preparation strategy for the exam.
Q. Is the syllabus for IIT JEE based completely on NCERT classes XI and XII?
Ans. JEE Main syllabus covers all the topics that students learn in classes 10 as well as in 12 as part of the NCERT syllabus. But, JEE Advanced syllabus was different and had chapters and topics that students did not learn as part of their school curriculum.